He was born on 19 August 1881 in northern Moldova, village Liveni-Barnabas, near Dorohoi, images and traditions of these places it will influence all over his creation servindui Enescu as a foundation, a starting point in music. Comes from a family where the music had a place of honor: great-grandfather was a singer in the pew Aeneas Galin endowed with a great voice.Grandfather, George Enescu, a priest, so he is endowed with an amazing voice. Father, Costache Enescu vocal talent inherited his ancestors but wanted to be a teacher and then practical farmer.
George Enescu was the only child of Maria Costache because two older brothers died young and the other five after molimii 1878. First received musical guidance from his parents and a famous musician, Nicholas Bosseyed. As a child loved music and performing fiddlers in his home village almost exactly a tool he created the music heard, so that we parents are invited to go to Iasi to be heard by the professor and composer Eduard Caudella, the teacher will teachwill appreciate the notes and special leanings towards music.
In only five years, Enescu composed his first work “Romanian Country” twelve steps work for piano and violin. Urged the Caudella will travel to Vienna in 1888 where he was part of vast musical education by studying with great comopozitri of the time. Vienna will live in Joseph Hellmesberger-Jr. Son Conservatory Director, also an interpreter of those times.
On 24 July 1889 first appears in public in Slanic as violinist virtuoso performer demonstrating sails.
In the two years ending three years of compulsory study of the violin and start having as a graduate teacher-Hellmesberger Joseph Jr and harmony, counterpoint and composition, and being taught by Professor Robert Fuchs. The French capital has found an artistic and intellectual environment for which he stimulze native musical faculties. Princess Bibesco introduced in musical circles, introduced by Saint-Saens, as of Edouard Colonne, who directed the 1898 premiere of “Roman Poems”.
They will complete their studies obtaining a grade of “excellent” rating got very hard.Shortly thereafter, his father presented him to the professor and composer Eduard Caudella. At the age of seven, he entered the Vienna Conservatory, where he studied with Joseph Hellmesberger, Jr., Robert Fuchs, and Sigismund Bachrich. He graduated before his 13th birthday, earning the silver medal. In his Viennese concerts young Enescu played works by Brahms, Sarasate and Mendelssohn. In 1895 he went to Paris to continue his studies. He studied violin with Martin Pierre Marsick, harmony with André Gédalge, and composition with Jules Massenet and Gabriel Fauré.
His creation and composition approaches nearly all musical genres. Reflecting his love for the people of the middle of which rose and whose sensitivity has been identified. Enescu’s opera is an example of acquiring and developing creative achievements of European art music, combining them with professional and Romanian folk music traditions.
Even in works where there is German and French music influences, or to those whose content does not necessarily mean national form, for example, Suite I, “in classical style for piano or opera” Oedipus “is folklore proves Contact our using, sometimes smooth, sometimes quite obvious, modal forms, rhythmic intonationale, thereof. Enescu symphonism put our foundations, and opening broad prospects.Many of Enescu’s works were influenced by Romanian folk music, his most popular compositions being the two Romanian Rhapsodies (1901–2), the opera Œdipe (1936), and the suites for orchestra. He also wrote five symphonies (two of them unfinished), a symphonic poem Vox maris, and much chamber music (three sonatas for violin and piano, two for cello and piano, a piano trio, quartets with and without piano, a wind decet (French, “dixtuor”), an octet for strings, a piano quintet and a chamber symphony for twelve solo instruments). A young Ravi Shankar recalled in the 1960s how Enescu, who had developed a deep interest in Oriental music, rehearsed with Shankar’s brother Uday Shankar and his musicians. Around the same time, Enescu took the young Yehudi Menuhin to the Colonial Exhibition in Paris, where he introduced him to the Gamelan Orchestra from Indonesia.
n 1923 he made his debut as a conductor in a concert given by the Philadelphia Orchestra in New York City, and he subsequently made frequent returns to the United States. It was in America, in the 1920s, that Enescu was first persuaded to make recordings as a violinist. He also appeared as a conductor with many American orchestras, and in 1936 he was one of the candidates considered to replace Toscanini as permanent conductor of the New York Philharmonic. In 1935, he conducted the Orchestre Symphonique de Paris and Yehudi Menuhin (who had been his pupil for several years starting in 1927) in Mozart’s Violin Concerto No. 3 in G major. He also conducted the New York Philharmonic between 1937 and 1938. In 1939 he married Maria Rosetti (known as the Princess Cantacuzino through her first husband Mihail Cantacuzino), a good friend of the future Queen Marie of Romania. While staying inBucharest, Enescu lived in the Cantacuzino Palace on Calea Victoriei (now the Muzeu Naţional George Enescu, dedicated to his work).
He was also a noted violin teacher. Yehudi Menuhin, Christian Ferras, Ivry Gitlis, Arthur Grumiaux, and Ida Haendel were among his pupils. He promoted contemporary Romanian music, playing works of Constantin Silvestri, Mihail Jora, Ionel Perlea and Marţian Negrea.
On his death in 1955, George Enescu was interred in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.
Today, Bucharest houses a museum in his memory; likewise, the Symphony Orchestra of Bucharest and the George Enescu Festival—founded by his friend, musical advocate, and sometime collaborator, the conductor George Georgescu—are named and held in his honor. Recently, Bacau International Airport was named George Enescu International Airport.
The famous Ysaye’s “Ballade” or Solo Violin Sonata No. 3 was dedicated to Enescu.
Most of his account of the works are “Romanian Rhapsodies” (1901-1902), characterized by a rich melody, the authentic origin of a invesmantare folk and orchestral color, “Romanian Poem” (1897) which embodies a series of suggestive pictures of rustic life, the opera Oedipus (1936), Enescu’s creative capital, crossed the emotional content, rich and intense, distinguished by a poetic language is evocative and dramatic and its suites for orchestra (including suite III the “village”, 1938), where folk meets a subtle transfiguration.
Besides, Enescu composed five symphonies in May, a symphonic poem entitled “Vox Maris” and numerous works for band room (two string quartets, 1921, 1952, two piano quartets from 1909 to 1911, 1944, a byte tools Strings, 1900; a dixtuor for wind instruments, 1906 and others), characterized by an expressive melody, the construction unit, and knitted together by sonoritatii overall transparency. Some of his works were composed in Sinaia at his villa in the clearing. In 1923, she made her debut as a conductor in a concert given by the Philadelphia Orchestra in New York. He also directed the New York Philharmonic between 1937 and 1938.
George Enescu lived in Paris and in Romania, but after WWII and occupation by Communist Romania, he stayed in Paris. Also, Enescu was a famous violin teacher. Yehudi Menuhin, Christian Ferras, Ivry Gitlis and Arthur Grumiaux were among his students. He promoted contemporary Romanian music, playing works of Constantin Silvestri, Mihail Jora, Johnny Pearls and Martian Negrea. George Enescu was a member of the Romanian Academy, and Corresponding Member of the French Academy.
At his death (1955), George Enescu was interred at Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris.Orchestra of Bucharest George Enescu was named in his honor. Bucharest is also found in a museum bearing his name. The house in which he lived became Enescu Memorial House and the artist village bears illustrious names.
1.Cracalia. Here is the piano will be in contact with music and
village fiddlers. four years to receive a violin begins to play under
behest of his father, then the fiddler Blind Neculai to 5 years
Professor Edward Gaudella shown in Iasi. Period
studied in Vienna: 1888-1894.
2.He studied violin, ending two years in a preparatory course of three years. In
take courses alongside violin harmony, counterpoint, conducting, music
chamber, piano auxiliary composition. Compositions thereof
period: small pieces for piano, violin and piano sonatas, fantasies,
themes with variations, romantte, waltz, polka, symphonies
3. 12 years to complete preparatory studies in Vienna with the distinction of
Gesellschaftsmedaille. 8 March 1894. the first concert or
Bucharest, the Athenaeum Hall, Professor Hellmesberger partner. Next
preparation stage: Paris, 1859-1899. Class composition
shows the works, including “Vision of Saul”, a project of a
comic operas, “The Carpathians” a symphony in D.
4. 1896 class
composition is taken from Gabriel Fore, introducing a new
spirit. with English Poem (1897) out of these canons and begin
Enescu first time in the evolution of creation, until 1915. It
composer’s work to address the need and determine
personality and aesthetics and to delineate a people belonging to a
culture and a national ethos.
5. Works: Sonata for Violin and a number
Piano Suite op.2 op.3 antique piano in three songs op.4
Variations for two pianos on an original theme, op.5 Sonata
nr2 piano and violin in front, op.6 Byte in C, Symphony concertante op.7
Romanian Rhapsody for Cello and Orchestra in A Romanian Rhapsody in
Re folclric In these works we find quoted.
6. Other works: seven songs
lyrics by Clement Marot, Dixtuor for wind instruments, three
songs for voice and piano on lyrics by F. Gregh, Suite for
nr2 Orchestra in C, op.20, etc. . 1896 concert at the Romanian Athenaeum in
company pianist Theodore Fux.
Tags: GEORGE ENESCU